The history of New York begins around 10,000 BC, when the first Native Americans arrived. By 1100 AD, New York’s main tribes, the Iroquoian and Algonquian cultures, had developed. European discovery of New York was led by the French in 1524 and the first land claim came in 1609 by the Dutch. As part of New Netherland, the colony was important in the fur trade and eventually became an agricultural resource thanks to the patroon system. In 1626 the Dutch bought the island of Manhattan from Native Americans. In 1664, England renamed the colony New York, after the Duke of York. New York City gained prominence in the 18th century as a major trading port in the Thirteen Colonies.