New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. The city is referred to as New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part. New York exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has been described as the cultural capital of the world. With a Census-estimated 2012 population of 8,336,697 distributed over a land area of just 783.8 km2, New York is the most densely populated city in the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.