The Statue of Liberty is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in the middle of New York Harbor, inManhattan, New York City. The statue, designed by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and dedicated on October 28, 1886, was a gift to the United States from the people of France. The statue is of a robed female figure representing Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom, who bears a torch and a tabula ansata (a tablet evoking the law) upon which is inscribed the date of the American Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776. A broken chain lies at her feet. The statue is an icon of freedom and of the United States: a welcoming signal to immigrants arriving from abroad.
The new World Trade Center (WTC) is a vision of downtown New York that combines modern, safe and sustainable commercial space, convenient transportation, and a destination cultural center. The new WTC will include:
- Five new skyscrapers (1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 WTC)
- The National September 11 Memorial & Museum at the World Trade Center
- The World Trade Center Transportation Hub
- 550,000 square feet of retail space
- A Performing Arts Center
This vision represents an unprecedented merging of architects, artists, and urban developers, including Santiago Calatrava, David Childs, Norman Foster, Frank Gehry, Daniel Libeskind, Fumihiko Maki, and Richard Rogers. The singular goal is a grand new urban center for 21st century New York. The construction is part of an effort to memorialize and rebuild following the destruction of the original World Trade Center complex during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
Central Park is a public park at the center of Manhattan in New York City. The park initially opened in 1857, on 778 acres (315 ha) of city-owned land (it is 840 acres today). In 1858,Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux won a design competition to improve and expand the park with a plan they entitled the Greensward Plan. Construction began the same year, continued during the American Civil War, and was completed in 1873. Central Park is the most visited urban park in the United States, Designated a National Historic Landmark in 1962, the park is currently managed by the Central Park Conservancy under contract with the city government. The Conservancy is a non-profit organization that contributes 83.5% of Central Park’s $37.5 million annual budget, and employs 80.7% of the park’s maintenance staff.
New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. The city is referred to as New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part. New York exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has been described as the cultural capital of the world. With a Census-estimated 2012 population of 8,336,697 distributed over a land area of just 783.8 km2, New York is the most densely populated city in the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.
The history of New York begins around 10,000 BC, when the first Native Americans arrived. By 1100 AD, New York’s main tribes, the Iroquoian and Algonquian cultures, had developed. European discovery of New York was led by the French in 1524 and the first land claim came in 1609 by the Dutch. As part of New Netherland, the colony was important in the fur trade and eventually became an agricultural resource thanks to the patroon system. In 1626 the Dutch bought the island of Manhattan from Native Americans. In 1664, England renamed the colony New York, after the Duke of York. New York City gained prominence in the 18th century as a major trading port in the Thirteen Colonies.